LEONG DEI KUN - LDK

Wednesday, May 16, 2018

GST 0% on 1st June 2018

This is a surprise that the implementation date will be so soon after changes in the government. The amendment will greatly affect the accounting of all company and in this case will change the way Licensed Land Surveyor calculate and return of collected 6% GST for the land title survey works. It is important that the accounting software to be updated as soon as possible for this changes and determine with the company account and auditor on what should be done to the collected or returned 6% GST monies.

Details of the gazette :-
P.U.(A) 118, dated 16th May 2018 - Goods and Services Tax (Rate of Tax) (Amendment) Order 2018

Links to the Gazette :-
https://drive.google.com/file/d/15tXmCBsGWlCDj41wJcVlXJemVFSJcdOk/view?usp=sharing

Or via e-Federal Gazette
http://www.federalgazette.agc.gov.my/eng_main/main_warta_harian.php?jenis_pu=pua&&y=2018

Friday, May 4, 2018

REHDA Institute's Strata Management Handbook

REHDA Institute launches Strata Management Handbook in March 2018, which much emphasise on the management of strata development from the beginning of strata management to the running of day to day operation. Publication team took 2 years to complete the handbook prior to publication. Another addition to the collection of strata reference book to the public. Not a recommendation to buy but if you have the extra cash around, get one for your leisure read.


Price : RM58.00 each (Further discounts on bulk purchase)

More information can be obtained via the link below :-
Links to REHDA's Strata Management Handbook page :-
http://rehdainstitute.com/smh2018/
http://rehdainstitute.com

Monday, April 23, 2018

Semi Dynamic Datum for Malaysia

A brief history lesson will remind us on GDM2000 which is the Geocentric Datum of Malaysia 2000 that launched on 26th August 2003. Come afterwards is the introduction of MyRTKnet to provide realtime GPS solution for survey works in Malaysia. GDM2000 was revised in 2006 and named as GDM2000(2006) and used as the based for the CCI project in 2008 and 2009.
As a reminder, we were told that we are adopting a fixed coordinate system where upon adjustment/migration of our PDUK dataset together with CRM points we will have a fixed coordinate system based on GDM2000 datum.

However, more than 10 years since the usage of GDM2000(2006), some of user experience some problem with the data/result provided which will effect the accuracy of the observed coordinates. Why is this happening ? This is due to the movement of the Tectonic Plates of Malaysia due to earthquakes that happened during the last 10 years. Some of these movement are as much as 30cm on the SouthEast direction.
In addition to that, the coordinates values in the NDCDB changes without notice and differ sometimes every other week. In some cases, the changes might be more than sub-meter too.
So what's next ? JUPEM have take notice of the challenges faced by the user and introduced some solutions as below :-
  • Short Term Solutions :-
    • Introduction of MGRF2016 (Malaysia Geodetic Reference Frame 2016) to replace the GDM2000(2006) used in MyRTKnet
    • Provide a correlation between MGRF2016 and GDM2000(2006) using Helmert 7 parameters transformation
    • Updating the coordinates in MGRF2016
  • Long Term Solutions :-
    • Introduction of MGRF2020 (Malaysia Geodetic Reference Frame 2020) based on ITRF2014
    • Provide correlation between MGRF2020 and GDM2000(2006) using Helmert 14 parameters transformation model with the combination of grid correction or post seismic deformation model
    • Migration of all coordinate into MGRF2020 in 2018
All look nice and great but what are the challenges ?
  • Hardware and software system migration from TPP to SpiderWeb
    • GPSNet and Trimble Pivot Platform (TPP) by Trimble will be replaced by SpiderWeb by Leica in 2018
  • Definition of MGRF2016 and MGRF2020
  • Transformation parameter for MGRF2016 and MGRF2020
  • Errors within NDCDB
  • Changes from fixed coordinated datum to semi dynamic datum
Personal take on this ?
  • While lots of care have been taken to introduce a better solution to the current problem with our datum, MyRTKnet and NDCDB, a clearer and more transparent solution should be published to the public for review and debate.
  • Unknown timeline and dateline to achieve any of the proposed solution
  • Do we really need MGRF2016 ? As the proposed introduction of MGRF2020 are in 2018 ? 
  • Which on shall we adopt ? 14 parameters transformation model with grid correction or post seismic deformation model? Why we haven't decided yet ?
  • Why we named the new model MGRF2020 when it will be launch in 2018 ? Isn't it misleading ?
  • Let's be clear, do we really need to adopt semi dynamic datum ?
Share your taught and comment below. Let's hope that this won't be another GDM2000 fiasco, GDM2000(2000) to GDM2000(2006) to GDM2000(2009)

Thursday, April 5, 2018

The Story of JUPEM (Survey Department of Malaysia)

Here is a short stories of JUPEM, where we can see what the task, commitment and passion of land surveyor in JUPEM. Personally, I love the coverage of the surveyor at site where they sacrifice a lot of their time and sometimes their life to complete the task at hand.
However, we cannot forget the administrative and public relation works being done at the management level too. Hopefully, the public will take note and interested to join this field and the opportunity available as a career.

Bahasa Malaysia version :-

Sunday, April 1, 2018

GDM 2000 revision

A brief revision of our GDM2000, the parameter of our reference ellipsoid are as above (ITRF)
The parameter for the conversion to RSO (GDM2000) are as above. 

Above is the list of all the state origin coordinate in GDM2000 and Cassini 
(Extracted from the papers)

Above is the list of all the state origin coordinate in GDM2000 and Cassini
(Extracted from PKPUP3/2009)

There's a big discrepancies between both set of tables as the origin location of the state origin are different between both set of data except in Kedah, Perlis and Perak. Does the origin of the state changes again ? Are there newer state origin data set available ?

All the above information are extracted from the published paper in the ResearchGate.net, more information can be downloaded from the links below.

Link to view the papers from ResearchGate.net :-
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268059695_GEOCENTRIC_DATUM_GDM2000_FOR_MALAYSIA_IMPLEMENTATION_AND_IMPLICATIONS

Links to download the papers (Alternative link) :-
https://drive.google.com/open?id=1RL9cCrNjDN33DWuDtc17aOGtzHm_bX6E

However, all this information might not be applicable in the near future as Malaysia are gearing towards semi-dynamic datum / coordinate system and abandoning the static coordinate model. Hence a new datum will be defined soon and named as GDM2020 or MRGF2020.
More information will be shared in the next post.

Wednesday, February 28, 2018

First Sub-MC in Malaysia ?


Recently I read in the Edgeprop.my that the first Sub-MC in Malaysia to be formed soon. That is good news that finally Management Corporation (MC) had taken a step up to enhance and managed their stratified development.

Let's get some basic facts of the development based on the news in Edgeprop.my

  • Strata development name : 1 Mont Kiara
  • Location : Lot 60493, Jalan Kiara, Mont Kiara
  • Land Size : Approximate 2.1 Hectares
  • Number of parcels : 432 parcels
  • Main component : 
    • Menara MK1 - Office suites (30 + 156)
    • Wisma Mont Kiara - En bloc office (1)
    • 1 Mont Kiara - Retail mall (1)
    • i-Zen Kiara II - Service apartment and commercial parcel (238 + 6)
  • Property Manager : Burgess Rawson Malaysia
Objectives of this formation of sub-MC ?
  • Creation of 3 sub-MC
    • 1st sub-MC for Menara MK1
    • 2nd sub-MC for Wisma Mont Kiara and 1 Mont Kiara
    • 3rd sub-MC for i-Zen Kiara II
  • Separation of common property facilities for exclusive use of each component
    • Road, entrance, drop-off, lift and etc
    • Service apartment facilities
  • Maintenance cost and income generation of common property (Limited Common Property in the future)
  • Insulation of liabilities from different component of the development

Next lets see the time taken to reach this stage (A comprehensive resolution by the proprietor). Appointment of licensed land surveyor on December 2016, and taken them around 7 months to present draft and feedback on the proposed sub-MC and Limited Common Property (LCP) demarcation. EGM on the matter on December 2017 with a polling duration of 60 days to get the comprehensive resolution. Based on the above, the time taken are around 1 year plus to get the comprehensive resolution which exclude the pre-appointment process of appointment of a licensed land surveyor, hence we need to add another 3-6 months to the process prior to the December 2016 timeline.
Next the MC need to get the approval from Commissioner of Building (COB) on the EGM minutes and decision. Further submission to survey department (JUPEM) for approval on the proposed LCP demarcation and finally the approval from land office for the formation of sub-MC. (3 months by COB + 6 months by JUPEM + 9 months by land office = Targeted 1.5 years)
Total duration of formation of sub-MC : 1.5 + 1.5 = 3 years

For your information, it yet to be approved and this news only mention the strata owner had agreed to form subsidiary MC in their development. Who knows when this will get the approval of JUPEM and subsequently the land office.

Challenges ?

  • Proposal
    • Each component of the development will safeguard their interest and rights hence negotiation to demarcate the LCP to a proposal that will pleased all the proprietor is a heavy undertaking
  • Time 
    • As mention above, the entire exercise will take a long time and by having a need to get approval from government department will put the unknown in the projected time target
    • Since it is the 1st application in  Malaysia, without a past record in government department the approval will not come easy and fast
  • Cost 
    • Cost for the appointment of licensed land surveyor 
    • EGM
    • Submission and approval fees by COB, JUPEM and land office 
  • Comprehensive resolution
    • Comprehensive resolution means approval by proprietor that are entitle to vote which constitute 2/3 of total share unit is a challenge
  • Approval
    • Approval in the EGM
    • Approval by COB
    • Approval by JUPEM
    • Approval by Land Office

A great effort by the proprietor of 1 Mont Kiara development, hope that they will get the approval soon and reap the benefit of sub-MC with LCP management benefit. Most of the Management Corporation will normally back away from applying sub-MC due to the cost and time factor.

Links to the original Edgeprop.my webpage :-
https://www.edgeprop.my/content/1285237/first-sub-mc-malaysia-be-formed?utm_content=bufferabb02&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Information above are taken from Edgeprop.my and Burgess Rawson Malaysia. Accuracy of information are subject to time constrain.

Friday, February 23, 2018

Freehold, Leasehold, Pajakan, Kekal, Tetap

Do you feel confused with the word of leasehold and freehold ? Now add the Malay word of Pajakan, Kekal, Tetap dan Selama-lamanya. That should confuse you even more. Let's get the basic right this time as I try to explain as simple as possible and cut all the confusion.

According to the Gazetted National Land Code (English) and Kanun Tanah Negara (Malay) :-

  • Qualified Title = "Hakmilik Sementara" or "Hakmilik Berkelayakan"
    • Boundaries and area values are provisional before survey
  • Final Title = "Hakmilik Tetap"
    • Boundaries and area are final after survey
  • In perpetuity = "Selama-lamanya"
  • Lease = "Pajakan

General definition used by public :-
  • Freehold / Grant = "Pegangan Kekal" / "Hakmilik Kekal" / "Geran"
    • Land holding in perpetuity
  • Leasehold = "Pajakan bagi satu tempoh masa"
    • Land holding according to the lease term of not more than 99 years according to National Land Code* 
  • QT = Qualified Title
  • FT = Final Title
  • CP / PA = Certified Plan / "Pelan Akui"
    • A plan that show the dimension and area of land after surveyed
  • JUPEM = Survey Department of Malaysia / Jabatan Ukur Dan Pemetaan Malaysia
  • LO = Land Office / Pejabat Tanah Dan Daerah
* In 2009, Perak government had approved and issued land title with lease term of 999 years for a number of applicant in new village. The title are valid until today hence the 99 years limit according to the National Land Code should be taken as a reference or guide only

More information regarding land titles in particular can refer to my previous post here :-